We must note of the different answers the gospels give to this question. According to John’s gospel it was simply “the Jews.” But John’s use of this expression does not in any way indicate – as the modern reader might suppose – the people of Israel in general, even less is it “racist” in character. After all, John himself was ethnically a Jew, as were Jesus and all his followers. The entire early Christian community was made up of Jews. In John’s gospel this word has a precise and clearly defined meaning. He is referring to the temple aristocracy. So the circle of accusers who instigate Jesus’ death is precisely indicated in the Fourth gospel and clearly limited. It is the temple aristocracy – and not without certain exceptions, as the reference to Nicodemus (Jn 7: 50-52) shows.